Camera original footage shot for the documentary '63 Boycott from Kartemquin Films. ’63 Boycott is a thirty-minute documentary and web project highlighting the stories of participants in the 1963 Chicago Public School (CPS) Boycott (also known as Freedom Day). One of the largest Civil Rights demonstrations in the city’s history, on October 22, 1963, a coalition of civil rights groups, local activists, and 250,000 students staged a mass boycott and demonstration against the Chicago Board of Education to protest racial segregation and inadequate resources for Black students. This interview features Natalie Moore, reporter at Chicago's public radio station WBEZ and author of The South Side: A Portrait of Chicago and American Segregation.
00:00Copy video clip URL Introductory remarks and identification of Natalie Moore’s work.
00:49Copy video clip URL Historical overview of the policies and social forces that led to segregation in Chicago during the 1950s and 60s.
01:56Copy video clip URL The effects of segregation policies on public education during the middle 20th century. Moore describes her family history in relation to Chicago schools.
02:38Copy video clip URL Moore’s definition of Willis Wagons.
03:12Copy video clip URL Consequences of white flight on issues related to segregation. Moore talks about issues of blockbusting, redlining, and housing-related federal policies that led to white flight.
05:22Copy video clip URL Correlation between segregation policies in housing and education. Moore describes former Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley’s resistance to integration and providing equal access and opportunity to Black families.
06:41Copy video clip URL Historical perspective of the 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka ruling on Chicago schools.
7:45Copy video clip URL Interview briefly interrupted.
7:53Copy video clip URL Interview resumes. Moore cites historical examples of parents fighting for integration and equal access in Chicago schools, mobilized by the Brown vs. Board decision.
09:20Copy video clip URL Moore’s view on the strategy and rationale behind the fight for integration.
10:31Copy video clip URL Moore recalls her parent’s experience attending public school in Chicago.
11:56Copy video clip URL Segregationist policies implemented by the Chicago Board of Education and the city of Chicago during the 1950s and 60s. Moore talks about the fraught relationship and history between Richard Daley and Martin Luther King Jr. in Chicago. When responding as to why King chose to visit Chicago in 1966, Moore says, “Chicago is Jim Crow of the north.”
15:35Copy video clip URL Interview breaks for camera readjustment.
15:52Copy video clip URL Interview resumes. Moore’s perspective on the impact of the 1963 school boycott.
18:06Copy video clip URL Current day assessment of the resource disparities in Chicago schools, despite laws that supposedly call for integration and equal access.
20:20Copy video clip URL Moore describes the purposeful implementation of segregationist policies in Chicago as the “status-quo.” She then explains the potential goals for integration in Chicago. She considers both the optimism for change through the implementation of new policies but also the opposition to such change through lack of political will.
24:12Copy video clip URL The importance of grassroots-led civic movements from Moore’s perspective. The connections between organizing for police reform and education reform.
25:24Copy video clip URL Distinguishing characteristics of Chicago’s diversity compared to other major cities. Chicago’s fragmented and expansive geography of race and ethnicity.
28:02Copy video clip URL Moore’s take on the limitations of the movement for de-segregation in Chicago and the United States. Moore cites Chicago’s Beverly neighborhood as a case study of successful integration policy. In order to counter deliberate segregation policy, Moore says, people need to deliberately fight for equal access and integration.
31:09Copy video clip URL White supremacy, says Moore, becomes the default mode for authority and decision-making in America.
34:28Copy video clip URL B-roll footage of Moore’s office at WBEZ’s South Side Bureau.
38:08Copy video clip URL Exterior b-roll footage of the WBEZ South Side Bureau.